„I agree with the fees charged, which is not discriminatory for the socially weaker students. But if the politicians paid much attention to the issue of funding for universities and quality of universities such as today are devoted to the issue of tuition fees, I think it would be far more useful,“ he said in an interview with Finance. en Karel Rais, Rector of BUT.
** Dear sir, the first question is perhaps, what is your attitude to the introduction of tuition fees at Czech universities? ** In short – I agree with tuition fees, which is not discriminatory for the socially weaker students. If the tuition, then students may also require substantially improved performance of teachers than ever before. Compare the level of pay Foreign Studies MBA-type (or LLM, MPA, BaHons, etc.) that are taken from foreign universities from which our school pays licensing fees, similar to the Czech master's or bachelor's study. Immediately see the difference in education – small groups of students, individual teacher's approach, in practice, team projects, etc.
** The current system of tertiary education, among other alleged under-funding and the dominant dependence on public funds. What do you think? It should be more funding to universities and the introduction of tuition fees or the right way? ** The introduction of tuition fees and persistent under-funding of universities are two relatively separate areas. Practically anywhere in the world are not public universities funded solely by tuition. Definitely need more funding to universities, of course, you need to audit or. some control how the funds are treated. Each institute at the university can decide whether to reduce the number of teachers and the saved funds to be distributed among teachers, or whether they will take on a large number of teachers who will work for salaries, which are often below the average wage in the country. Since it is mainly the academic senate, which should control the workload of individuals at universities, because in fact, Chambers decided to divide the funds at the university.
Let's see how the distribution of non-investment took place last year or the funds this year. The University has adopted a number of listeners, and then we were told that they are not sufficient funds. These were then subsequently searched Mr. Prime Minister in the government financial budget. For our neighbors (eg in Austria), each university has a long contract with the State that it provides funding in advance of a negotiated number of listeners.
The distribution of state funds from the Ministry of Education level is associated typically Czech problem, and that is egalitarianism. Each university (or school), whether top or below the average, receive the same funding per student of a degree program. I think it is necessary first to define the ranking system of universities (or faculties), the assessed institutions divided into several categories according to very specific outcomes (research, teaching, international, graduates and others) over the past few years, and only on the basis of this division then allocate funds.
** Some experts think that the problem is not so much of finance, as in the effective management of them. What is your opinion? ** As I said previously, I believe it is necessary to have long-term contracts between the university and the state regarding funding of university students. INTERESTED PARTIES Each must know in advance what the appropriate performance and finances for specific reaches. The question of efficient management of universities (and their individual components) is of course correct. The university is – in terms of cash flow – a common business and it can be applied to many well-known managerial approaches (in particular, procedural approaches). The company CEO is responsible for running the entire enterprise and has the appropriate jurisdiction. Rector of each university has 100% responsibility for the running of Law and University decision-making power is minimal. In the case BUT Rector is responsible for approximately 2 billion and direct decision-making power to a few tens of millions. Of course, I can make changes to rectorate, rector of interventions in the management and operation of the faculties are already very problematic.
To streamline the management of universities, it is necessary to have a professional team of managers throughout the University (of course it can raise its own resources) must be consistent decision-making power and accountability at every level of management, university management must be independent from the interests of various interest groups who often recruited from university-level, etc. It would be appropriate to modify the content of some sections of the Higher Education Act (eg, par. 23, par.24, etc.).
The hypothesis of inefficient management of universities can be exploited against the universities – in the sense that it is unnecessary to financially support the university. Over the last three years we become not only increased the financial contribution for the student, but realistically it even decreased. And no I am not talking about annual inflation, which is between 6–7 percent this year.
** There is talk about the model, which is applied for example in Australia. It is a model of deferred tuition, that student has the option of tuition fees and other costs associated with the study to cover the loan, which can be paid off once and dostuduje job reaches a certain level of income. What do you think about this model? ** I know this model in detail, I think that you can learn from European countries. Often students say that investment in education I have always considered the best investment I ever made. From this perspective, I have no problem with the fact that a young person starting employment will repay the loan. Rather, the specific conditions of the loan, the possibility of postponement, etc.
Tuition consider the media an interesting topic (see, your question).
But if politicians spent so much energy and attention to the issue of funding for universities, the quality of universities, changing the existing Higher Education Act, which clearly has many shortcomings, such as today are devoted to the issue of tuition fees, I think it would be far more useful. But, most of them had to know the issues of university life in much greater depth, so it is better to argue about tuition – it ‚means‘ everyone.
** Or if you prefer another way? There are views that condemn the idea that the university graduate studies, admitted after the lives of hundreds of thousands in debt. It will not be very discouraging for a man if you can not afford to fund the study from its own resources? ** Look around and into history, how many greats who came from socially disadvantaged families to become leaders in industry, culture and society.
Having problems with debt of university graduates, but their lease purchases, purchases on credit, their mortgages, etc. – you do not mind? ** Generally, we can not say that the debts are bad, while also not to say that everyone has debt. It depends entirely on the specific contracts with the bank, depending on the amount of the loan, the repayment terms, etc. and is up to each individual to decide whether it wants debt, how much and what your investment as it takes. Again, there is no better investment than investing in education (or in their own health).
** Also, considering that public funds will be subsidized at the same time as private universities, as well as the public. The other source of funding will be the tuition fees. How do you perceive this fundamental change? ** Private high schools entered the market under defined conditions, where their public funding was not speech. Many of these schools is now a joint-stock companies or limited liability companies, business entities are established for the purpose of generating profit. I do not know why the state should these businesses to help financially. Of course there are private schools that were established for the purpose of generating profit, there is a different situation.
In a situation where the government is unable to finance the garniture of the University and the state becomes the imaginary „debtor“ to the universities, I believe that discussing the funding of private schools is premature. If the state wants to fund, he should first and foremost to meet financial obligations to universities, which (by law) set up.
** In the Czech Republic remains relatively low rate of successful completion of studies. How you operate the fact that as the number of university students in the CR ranks of OECD countries on the top positions, while the number of college graduates is strong CR below average? What about in this regard, the Technical University in Brno? ** In particular, the transition between the first and second year undergraduate studies in diameter „drops“ about 20% – 25% of students (depending on the faculty). We try to work with these students because many of them can not handle the transition from high school way of teaching at the university. Some of these students failed, however, suffers and the level of teaching high school.
The view that you can of course look different lens – a low number of graduates is determined by the quality and the high demands of study at Czech universities, etc.
** Do you think that the introduction of tuition fees could eliminate the fact that in the previous question? It will help if this change your opinion to improve the quality of teaching? ** As I said earlier, tuition fees must contribute to the improvement of teaching – check out the level of English schools, look at the paid foreign studies that are carried out at Czech universities and colleges. And both are placed in prestigious international assessment of Czech and English schools? But that is associated with the financing of universities as a whole, it is not only associated with fees charged.
** The introduction of tuition fees is printed vision of the current government. The opposition is working on so-called Green Paper. In its proposal to talk about penalty fees for undergraduates, who have less benefit and more repeat tests. What do you think of this idea? ** I do not think that the penalty fees have contributed to the quality of teaching, but rather lead to increased administration of the universities are not interested.
** Dear Sir, the question at the end. It is expected that the possible introduction of tuition fees will accrue to the budget of universities more funding. What are yours, and by extension, BUT, as a vision of future development, whether or not the tuition? ** I do not think that any tuition rescued the deficit in funding for universities. If politicians and managers who make decisions on financial flows, will look at the financial allocation from the perspective of their personal or party interests of short-term, as we see it often, tuition again more or less „evaporated“ in the national budget, or. Ministry. It is necessary that an agreement on the development of university education among most politicians in the decades ahead, and of course that also was caused by pressure on the effective management of universities, which also means professionalization of university management, strengthening the role of boards, universities, business conduct, the creation of spin off companies, closer cooperation with technical universities, businesses, etc. But it can be read in many books on business management (and also a substantial part you mentioned in the White Paper on Tertiary Education).
Thank you for the interview,
Luke Pololanik, Finance.cz
** Professor. Ing. Karel Rais, CSc., MBA, Rector of the Technical University in Brno. ** He served 6 years as Dean of the Faculty of Technology and Business held other academic positions. Between 1992–1995 he was trained MBA studies lecturer at Nottingham Trent University in Great Britain and has since continuously organizes and teaches an MBA at the Technical University in Brno. Prof. Karel Rais has been providing consulting services for a range of mechanical and electrical engineering companies. He is author or co-author of 21 textbooks and is co-author of 9 monographs. It is co-author of a monograph Risk Management, which was launched in 2003 as the best economic work GRADA Publishing Publishing. The total number of its publishing activities, around 150 different scientific and professional titles. The Rector of BUT operates from 1 2nd 2006, ranking 51st in the Rector of BUT.
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