Basic concepts in Higher Education Added:26.4. 2010
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Basic concepts in Higher Education

Higher education is full of terminological expressions, and often foreign, for many students may still unknown, words. We decided, therefore, for you to choose the ones with which you will encounter during their studies about most, you will be able in the new environment as quickly navigate.

==== Organization Universities

** ** Rector

The Rector is the highest official university or church schools, the Rector appoints vice-rectors, deans, registrar, the members of the Scientific Council and the Disciplinary Committee shall submit an annual report on the management of the school and its budget. The Rector is appointed and dismissed by the President of the Republic on proposal of the Academic Senate University, one person can be elected as Rector of a university up to two consecutive terms of office, one takes under current law for four years.

** ** Academic Senate

Self-governing academic body, consisting of a fixed number of students and teachers, its members are periodically elected by the academic community of the university on a precise term, subject to applicable laws and internal regulations of the Republic of universities.

** Faculty **

The basic organizational unit of the university headed by a dean, which includes the related fields and develop certain skills through teaching and research. Faculty are further divided into departments.

** ** Department

Unit structural organization of universities, different departments together form the faculty, some schools are replaced by the department institutes.

** Dean **

Senior employee of the faculty, called him and dismissed the proposal of the Academic Senate faculty. During academic ceremonies uses the title spectabilis (slovutný).

** Studies **

For students, a very important point – there can be obtained confirmation of the study, information on courses, study department through the student may excuse the absence, to solve any problems that may occur during the study. Each faculty has its own department of study, students are mostly distributed to individual departments such as female workers in alphabetical order of surname.

Other terms can be found in our „Dictionary of academic concepts“: http://www.vysokeskoly.cz/slovnik/.

Organization Studies ==== ====

** Bachelor **

It focuses on professional training and study in the masters program; condition of admission is the attainment of secondary or full secondary vocational education, the standard period of study, including practical training three to four years. Proper completion of the final state examination, which usually includes the defense of thesis. It can have full-time and combined form. The graduate obtains the title of Bachelor

** Continuing Master Study **

Master's degree program builds on the Bachelor's program, the standard length of study is at least one and up to three years. It completed a state examination and its successful completion, students will gain a university degree and Master degree.

** ** Postgraduate study

It builds directly on secondary education and lasts four to six years. It completed a state examination and its successful completion, students will gain a university degree and Master degree.

** ** Doctoral studies

The aim of doctoral degree programs is to educate students for independent scientific work, deepening the theoretical knowledge and mastering modern methods of scientific work in a degree program and field.

** ** Postgraduate study

Study follow-up to completed university education. There is greater emphasis on independent study, preparation for scientific work and deepen the knowledge acquired. The student works at the department as a teacher or researcher.

Lifelong learning ** **

Includes all learning throughout life – ie, compulsory and optional school, courses, retraining, etc. The lessons he realizes many universities and other organizations, are aimed at different target groups (eg University of the Third Age for seniors), offer courses with different focus. Lifelong Learning at the university usually provides higher education type, but it can not be awarded the academic degree, some programs are implemented within an accredited program, but students do not have the legal status of life-long student and must pay tuition. After completing the program within the framework of lifelong education graduates receive a certificate.

** ** Daily attendance

Teaching in attendance – former daily – form of study can take place any weekday morning and afternoon, while the student is required to attend mandatory seminars. University students are in full-time student status (and resulting benefits).

** ** Combined form

Study, in which the student attends a school with a lower frequency than in full-time, often takes the form of a block of instruction, replacing the so-called distance learning. Anyone who studies the combined form, does not have student status and the resulting benefits.

Distance learning ** **

Distance (distance) form of study where students attend school for example, once a week for afternoon classes or consultation, do not participate in lectures and exercises such as full-time students who usually walk to school every day. It may take the form of self and „e-learning“: http://www.vysokeskoly.cz/…em/index.php?… courses. Today is usually replaced by the combined studies.

** Individual Study Plan **

Individual study plan is a special form daily (full-time) study, which caters to individual student needs while trying to keep it a level playing field with other students. The most commonly used by doctoral students, but ask him can also be students with special needs. According to individual study plans also allow some private colleges.

** ** Single-subject study

Type of study in which the student addresses only one field. The Bologna system, students must normally achieve 180 credits in the Bachelor's degree and 120 in the master. Another form is the two-subject study.

** ** Two-subject study

Form of study, when schools select applicants to recommend the second field, or issuing some fields only as part of mandatory dvouoborového study. The student must then gather together for both fields as many credits, how many matches jednooborovému study, ie. Bachelor's degree in the most total 180, the master's 120th In both fields makes the state examination and finally gets only one title.

Other terms can be found in our „Dictionary of academic concepts“: http://www.vysokeskoly.cz/slovnik/.

==== Course of Study

** ** Matriculation

Festive putting the student in the university land. After passing the matriculation oath, the student becomes a member of the academic community.

** Academic Year **

The academic year is under Act 12 calendar months and the beginning sets the rector. Usually divided into semesters (usually two) and consists of the teaching and examination periods and holidays.

** ** Semester

From lat. school year. Is referred to generally as a winter and summer or autumn and spring, and completed the exam period. Sometimes schools also have trimesters.

** ** Teaching Block

Teaching, which takes the form of blocks, ie. either once (in one or several days), or repeatedly, and it regularly or irregularly in the form of longer than standard hours (eg, four-hour blocks) can take place on weekends, lectures and seminars.

** Index **

Study card used to record subjects enrolled, learning outcomes achieved and other records. Some schools have it replaced by electronic systems of the Registration of Marks.

** ** The credit system

The current European credit system is based on the assumption that one-year student work corresponds to sixty credits. Counts is the same system in all EU countries, and for bachelors (180 – 240 credits) and for Masters (60 – 120), but not total more than 300 credits, ie 5 years of study.

** College **

From lat. collegium. It is an accommodation facility designed especially university students, but in the case of unfilled capacity or under conditions allowing the allocation of beds and rooms here can be accommodated as well as other interested parties (often at a higher fee). Part of the college canteen and sometimes are, and other services (gym, lounge, computer room, etc.)..

** ** Canteen

A common dining room, mostly college.

** Credit **

One of the possible completion of a course at university (the other is a colloquium test) to check students' knowledge that they acquired in any subject, usually assessed only passed / not pass (included / nezapočteno), only credit is classified a mark in some subjects must pass credit to the student admitted to the test at the end of the semester, if your item is vícesemestrální, is first and credit until the end of the test subject.

** Test **

Completed subject; is classified stamps (mostly letters AF, and F means „fail“ or marks, 1 to 4 where 4 means „fail“) may be written, oral, or. their combinations against individual teachers or the entire committee, the student usually has a proper trial, one appeal and one appeal, which must apply to the Dean.

** Thesis **

Extensive expert study, the successful preparation and defense is a college student one of the conditions for obtaining a university degree, Master's thesis defense is part of the state exam, the thesis is to demonstrate that the student is able to independently handle creatively specialized topic.

** Dissertation **

Thesis for doctoral studies, is the result of solving a specific scientific task, demonstrating the ability of the student alone in a creative way to work scientifically and must contain original scientific work.

** State Exam **

Comprehensive Examination, the student concludes the study, or is divided into several smaller tests during the study, which together form the final state examination. Once a student successfully defend a thesis and pass this exam will receive the title.

Rigorous test ** **

The test, which must be a graduate study program to pass to obtain a doctoral degree (PhD a little known – for example, Ing.).

** Graduation **

Ceremony successful graduates of university degree university at the end of the study, the act involved relatives of students and school officials.

Other terms can be found in our „Dictionary of academic concepts“: http://www.vysokeskoly.cz/slovnik/




Author: Černá, Lucie

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