Zlatuška George, Rector of Masaryk University in Brno, we explain a new system of redistribution of tracks. He says what other changes planned for the university and what they want addressed in future
Succeeded by you in the Senate elections. You are currently a senator and then rector. Are you going to use the option to retain both functions?
SW: In the foreseeable future, yes. I believe that it is compatible.
It's really time do you cope?
SW: I think so. Senate boss will not (laughs) I was doing at the university. The Rector is usually perceived as something that belongs to the high school. Something that is completely from politics department Elena. Most of my work is basically education policy, university policy, an effort to defend the public, the case that we have with education, something brings. These two effects is significantly overlap, also want to be a member of the Senate Education Committee and to address precisely this issue. Additionally, Senate action is for me as rector of great importance as a natural source of information to me in terms of his leadership of the second largest university in the Republic will be very fit and otherwise to acquire a very complicated manner. Senator has a few things easier to access … Almost certain is that the time for the launch of the university will save some of their professorial duties. For example, certainly not next year to teach first years. Also, few people realize that public exposure of the Rector – the premiere, social events and similar events – often overlaps with my new feature Senator …
Where do you see the main significance of your election to the Senate? What do you intend to pursue policies in the interest of universities?
SW: For me it's a continuation of what I did before. How the public knows me from before. Not one of those university presidents who were too quiet, showed no in public, and their activity was restricted to walking around in academic gowns and soils chains and those indulged in such … "ceremonial pleasures' … (Laughs) Of course I am not elected to the Senate because of the high school case as such. Vote for me, only people from the university environment, they were generally people who I am as one of the important things presented the fact that higher education in general education and education is critical for the competitiveness of our country in Europe.
In your program you mention the election of the possibility of extending higher education to a larger number of candidates. How do you imagine this change?
SW: They're also things that relate to education funding. The resources to provide education in the Republic, are generally inadequate in terms of economic development of the country. I still give about 50% of which European country would give similar parameters.
You then pay for education?
SW: Our social priorities are critical. Our society attaches to education and very little weight, there are various ways out – either radically reassess it, what we the public finances, or we will consider the possibility of release contribute private money. I'm not for it to be the role of government in financing this type of finance replaced. If, however, little state money, then you need to seriously think about how to get the education that money. Of course it is somewhat painful – this includes money that could bring students. Rather, the finance people, who will improve the skills doděláváním eg bachelor's degree in higher age. People 30 to 40 years of working, which will create opportunities for education.
How do you deal with the fact that the capacity of schools so students are able to accept?
SW: It's the same thing. The capacity is small because there is little money. It does not mean that if from day to day finances doubled, they will immediately new lecture room and hire enough qualified teachers willing to teach in them. It is a gradual process. In any case, if we're talking about, that we have a small capacity, it is the same as when we say: „We have no money for the position of a sufficient number of lecture rooms, to pay teachers and motivate young people to learn to a greater extent.“ It is not about different things. Increasing educational opportunities must of course be accompanied by increased financial resources. In the current funding system is not possible in the foreseeable future to expand.
The program also mention the empowerment of minorities, what would you like to apply?
SW: I have here in mind two things: first, they are minorities, which shall be appropriated in lifestyle, eg homosexuals. I think that the law on registered partnership is something we need to consider if we want to be a modern society with all the trimmings. The second thing is that we have to deal with the coexistence of groups of people differing from us in a traditional lifestyle, such as Roma. The majority of the population is perceived very negatively, explicitly looking parents „for naughty children,“ to someone who does just mischief. The mismatch between, which results in a destruction or mutual abuse and unified life, is still a wide field where we can live side by side and respect is to respect this diversity. It is necessary to create institutional tools to promote this coexistence. The affirmative action (type preferences of disadvantaged groups of Roma), these groups should not get something at the expense of the majority population. The conditions that they provide should ensure seamless coexistence.
Another point of your program is to support EU accession. How do you persuade the Czechs to have held the same opinion? There is still a large proportion of the population opposed the move.
SW: I do not know how to convince them. I think it is necessary to spread awareness about the fact that we are out of this larger whole, too bad there's no danger that the EU is not only economical space but also unusually stable order in Europe after the Second World War.
Czech media, however, frequently express the negatives of joining the EU …
SW: Yes, of course, contributes to negative moods. The competition is somewhat painful. Whenever I get a chance, I must accept the fact that it cost me a little effort, it will test the ability of larger competitive space. It is essentially about whether the Czech boarder paradigm overcomes the dumplings and pork and cabbage and be willing to enjoy more attention to seafood and generally lighter and healthier foods. This of course threatens the domestic producer of classical diet. I think that the EU brings benefits mainly the Czech Republic. There remain, however, our fear of the unknown. We are afraid of what awaits us wrong, if there is a negative thing. Only in the second plan will begin to notice what we horizons opened by this option.
Have you signed a letter in support of candidature for the post of President of the Republic Josef Jarab. Do not you think it might have because he is little known to the media, problems with trust people?
SW: It is possible, but ultimately it is a fact that applies to almost all presidential candidates. It is good to remember that we put together a letter sometime in late July, early August. We did not take up our candidate after another appeared. We did not want to say: „They do not, will it Jarab.“ You will need to file candidates was such that the person did not goose bumps and his hair nevstávali throughout the body. To a certain stage it seemed that the debate had this character.
On board information system MU appeared alerting message on the proposal for a new allocation system tracks the next school year, according to which should be favored, first year students and students with different kinds of social or disability. However, when these students reach college, the other has almost no chance to get …
SW: This change is motivated by the fact that we wanted to double the number of students. The increase in the number of received not more than the usual ten percent, so certainly not a radical change. We do not think we gave college students from Brno and the surrounding area, so we are talking about here is a certain number of students who can not commute and be able to find accommodation. All current MU students live somewhere. None of them, of course, this measure does not help, but we will try to create such a situation, to find private accommodation receive a greater extent on the shoulders of those who already know the city, they were able to navigate and search. I'm not saying this is quite simple, but it's not impossible. None of this is painless … It is not a solution that I devised to harm students. Change, as proposed, is in some ways the worst of what I try. It is clear to me how students will perceive the public because none of the current students will study at MU the first year. Today accommodate students who live at a distance of 150–200 km. But we must be looking for students in shorter distances, thus, paradoxically, for those who now do not give a chance to gain college. To do this, I would like to remarked that accept students according to results of entrance examinations, evaluate them, of course, by quality and not according to what lives away! It's me, I 50–150 km between people forced to leave students with good results in entrance exams at another school just because there gathered together accommodation. The primary objective is to improve the student population.
Will work for current students, any initiative by the Masaryk University for assistance in finding accommodation?
SW: Yes, it try. We do two things: looking for a way to mediate the privates and try to increase the number of seats on the tracks provided by students. At the same time we must rely partly on the initiative of students. The new system would have remarked: I never made no secret that the housing situation is unsatisfactory. The question is how to cope with it. I do not think you could somehow use tracks to divide the study results, it is technically impossible. Dormitories are divided before we have the results available. Students are in the most inconvenient situation when they start studying, and then we have the least information of their results. It seems that I felt as rector to nejpitomějšímu solution that you can imagine, but it is not so simple. It's a thing that every year back, but move the allocation system can track only once. Changes can take place gradually from month to month. This system I invented me – I saw almost works at the University of Edinburgh, which is really prestigious university. So I stayed a little stare open-mouthed.
How did this new allocation will Slovaks? Tie for new measures of Charles University, and will also have the same conditions as students from CR?
SW: not establish the UK. I'll Slovaks regarded as the same as Czech students. In other words, we do not distinguish between nationalities. The only criterion will continue to be the result of entrance examinations. It is us that group who are studying what was best. Frankly, if I have a 2000 top Slovaks, I will not hesitate to replace them with below-average 2000 Czech applicants.
What other changes have for Masaryk University plan?
SW: We have them all nevybavím … (Surprised) I think the most radical change concerns the redistribution of the above mentioned tracks … I would like to introduce a system of university entrance examinations, which largely tests of individual prerequisites for study. My ideal would be one type of entrance examination, which candidate would be able to study one pass, and then the results would have to reconsider, to which branch has the greatest chance. In principle, this should be something like the SCIO tests. I would like to poll started on the evaluation of the quality of teaching students …
Do you think it can realistically and objectively work?
SW: It will not work in such a way that is based on the results of this survey gave as fire teachers or set their salaries. I do not see it as somehow a miracle solution, but it's feedback, which gives the body a little to push their employees to do the students benefit. Employees can then obtain information about themselves and their work. I imagine this measure in electronic form, in order to process the results of the simplest ways.
You will be after your or Rector. Senate term in some way also contribute to the construction project in the Bohunice campus?
SW: I suppose so, but it depends on my successor. I suppose that would be for the university could be advantageous to keep the man who is grounded in this way in political circles.
Who do you imagine as his successor in the post of Rector?
SW: I have some ideas, but it will choose the Academic Senate, not me.
What are your plans for the future? Are you going to deal with problems of higher education even after your rektorství popř.senátorství?
SW: Absolutely. It's a matter of which probably slip. I am going to deal with what I dealt with for a long time, so the impact of information technology on society. I am also interested in the issue of European integration.
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