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Lupin: herb, which, according to scientists the potential to become an important part of animal nutrition, but also part of a healthy human diet Added:6.10. 2010
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Lupin: herb, which, according to scientists the potential to become an important part of animal nutrition, but also part of a healthy human diet

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Team of researchers from the Institute of Nutrition, Animal Husbandry and animal hygiene Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology VFU Brno – prof. Dry, prof. Straková and Assoc. Herzig, in his research, looking for alternative food for livestock production, get to the other side of the globe.

In Australia, inspired by the extensive cultivation of the dandruff – herbs, which, because of its nutritional and dietetic properties could be nutritionally valuable feed in livestock production, but only that. Their results indicate that lupine can even take a permanent place in a healthy and nutritionally balanced diet of man.

  • "Our work at the Institute is focused on the lupins and its importance to human and animal nutrition. We believe that with vyšlechtěním new varieties of "sweet lupins' low-alkaloid (bitter compounds) and high in protein would involve a large interest in its cultivation and use. Some components of lupine had a positive effect on human health and significantly, this plant also applied in animal nutrition, "says Prof. *. Ing. Eva Straková Ph.D., Head of the Institute of Nutrition, Animal Husbandry and animal hygiene FVHE VFU Brno.

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Lupinus genus includes about 300 kinds of single and multi-herbs. Many of them have grown for centuries in the Mediterranean region and was part of the human diet and also a popular animal feed. At the beginning of last century bred a new so-called „sweet“ lupins low in alkaloids, a bitter substance and high in protein. This marked the renewal of interest in this herb and its use and lupine become non-negligible source of high quality protein as in human nutrition and in animal nutrition.

  • "Europe will now grown mainly two kinds of lupine – Lupinus luteus and Lupinus albus, Australia is the most common Lupinus angustifolius. What makes an exceptional herb, is its nutrient composition. He has had an unusually high content of protein and soluble fiber and practically no starch, "adds Professor * Strakova.
  • "The purpose of our research is to establish the nutritional value of lupins and gain information about the impact of the involvement of lupines in food animals and humans. Our results clearly demonstrate the many positive attributes. We believe that these results could be in the near future, lupine growing in the CR, existing only about 7,000 hectares, significantly extended and lupine seeds and become part of our diet, such as one of the alternatives to soybeans or other legumes, "* adds Professor Pavel Suchy from the Institute of Nutrition, Animal Husbandry and animal hygiene FVHE VFU Brno.

Lupinus albus, Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus luteus have a relatively low oil content, such as Lupinus mutabilis is about 18% oil and its composition is so close to soy. Dandruff contain antinutritional factors such as trypsin inhibitors and saponins. As a source of energy and competes with cereals as a source of protein meal of oil seeds. The value of lupine enhances the ability to complement the other food components, in order to achieve overall balance of nutrients. In recent years, especially in Europe, there is expansion of lupins as a food supplement.

For example, compare – the nutritional value of lupine seeds and soy popular, then we find that the lupine seeds are high in protein, the yellow lupine varieties even significantly higher than the protein content in soybeans. Compared to soy beans are grown lupine seeds in Europe is significantly lower crude fat. In oil seeds Lupin the high proportion of unsaturated fatty acids such as oleic acid and linoleic acid. Dietetic very favorable in the oil and Lupin's relati­onship ώ 3: ώ 6 fatty acids.

In comparison with other legume lupine seeds contain more beneficial dietary crude fiber. Lupin Fiber has the ability to lower cholesterol, improve bowel peristalsis and shorten transit time of intestinal contents of the digestive tract.

Lupin is also balanced rich in minerals and vitamins such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium and has a high content of manganese. Dandruff contain an average amount of carotenoids: β-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, tocopherols and other important bioactive components in terms of animals and humans.

  • "In human nutrition foods are enriched with lupine nutraceutický high potential, which means that a food or product that has a positive effect on health, prevention and treatment of diseases. Presence of lupins in the diet can affect people such as satiety and appetite suppression balance of power, has a beneficial effect on blood glucose, improves blood lipid levels, has a positive impact on hypertension and improves bowel movements. Pharmaceutical companies and nutraceutické consider some strategic components of lupine for the prevention and even treatment of so-called civilization diseases, "says Associate Professor * Herzig.

Research has shown that the use of lupine seeds has a positive impact on animal health and product quality, which is secondarily reflected in the nutritional value of foodstuffs made from them. Inclusion of lupine seeds in animal feed had a positive impact on increasing production efficiency and product quality in cattle, pigs and poultry.

The current world's largest producer and exporter of lupine seeds as Australia, which provides 80 to 85% of world production. In Europe, one of the most important production areas lupine Germany, France, Benelux, Spain, Poland, Ukraine and Russia.

For more information contact:

** Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno ** Lucie Stejskalová External Relations Officer – Spokesperson Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno Palacky 1–3, 612 42 Brno Tel: +420 541 562 0­10 Mobile: +420 724 321 352

Author: tiskove, zpravy

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