In the Czech Republic, a unique project of Department of Surgery Clinic diseases of dogs and cats, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Veterinary University in Brno, research focused on mammary tumors in canine patients, bringing over 13 years of unique results.
The study showed that there is a predisposition for breeding of mammary tumors in breeds like Poodle, English Cocker Spaniel and Dachshund. It was also confirmed that surgical removal of the tumor, including mammary gland, has a positive impact on improving the quality and length of life of patients. Now, veterinarians are working to identify genetic disease contexts.
Research on canine mammary tumor patient runs the surgical department of the clinic since 1997. Seen hundreds of dogs which underwent a complete clinical examination. Patients were also performed surgical treatment are monitored until the end of life.
In addition to breeding predisposition of mammary tumor, a team of veterinarians found that small-scale operations the nodulektomie (ie removing only the tumor), carry a high risk of recurrence, and thus the stress of additional surgery for the owner and patient. Based on this result, surgeons began to perform extensive surgery on the entire mammary gland and was shown to the contrary, that these large interventions at the correct surgical technique heals very well and significantly reduce the risk of regression. Furthermore, it was found that even though the majority of mammary gland tumors are malignant (75%), with timely and well chosen operation is subject to only 25% of cancer patients. It can be concluded that the operation makes sense at any age. We also managed to define subtypes of malignant tumors, which is significantly shorter length of survival than others. At the vet they will pursue the possibility of influencing life expectancy.
Mammary gland tumors occur most frequently in females between 8 to 10 year of life. Doctors are now trying to find a specific genetic context, as with women. This genetic observation is however very difficult, for reasons having to observations of a large number of patients. Unlike people, the family is sick bitches hardly tracked back, and if we take into account that sick bitch about 8 of life, then creating a statistical database very time consuming.
Currently, veterinarians deal with the question of how to properly influence the postoperative period and improve their own healing wound. While watching the effects become very popular antioxidants and collect the results of the statistical evaluation in order to answer the question of whether administration of antioxidants could have an impact on increasing animal well-being of patients.
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